Emmy Frisch on the Chair, 1908. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, (1880-1938) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker and one of the founders of the artists group Die Brücke leading to the foundation of Expressionism in 20th-century art. He volunteered for army service in the First World War, but soon suffered a breakdown and was discharged. In 1933, his work was branded as "degenerate" by the Nazis and in 1937 over 600 of his works were sold or destroyed. In 1938 he committed suicide by gunshot.